Streamlining data in Google Sheets can make your life a whole lot easier, especially when you need information from two separate columns to work as one. In this guide, we’ll show you a simple yet effective method on how to combine two columns in Google Sheets.

**What are the Formulas to Combine Two Columns in Google Sheets?**

Listed below are the formulas that can be used to combine two columns in Google Sheets vertically as well as horizontally.

**A. Formulas to Combine Horizontal Columns**

- =ARRAYFORMULA(A2:A11&”-“&B2:B11)
- =ARRAYFORMULA(CONCAT(A2:A11,B2:B11))

**B. Formulas to Combine Vertical Columns**

- =FILTER({A2:A11;B2:B11},LEN({A2:A11;B2:B11}))
- ={A2:11;B2:B11}
- =UNIQUE({A2:11;B2:B11})

Further in the article, you will learn how to combine two columns in Google Sheets using these formulas and also some methods that will teach you to combine cells in Google Sheets.

**Method 1: Use ARRAY FORMULA**

This method can be used when you have data in two columns that are supposed to be combined with a space, comma (,), or a hyphen (-) in between. For instance, have a look at the data sample given below.

Here, we have a list of departments and staff of the respective departments. We will be using the ARRAY formula to combine both data columns using a hyphen (-) in between. Below mentioned are the steps to get started with the process:

1. Start to **apply the formula** by typing **equal to (=)ARRAY **in **cell C2** as that is where we want the target value.

2. Select the **Department column** and add an** ampersand (&) and a separator (-)** to select the next column.

3. Add an **ampersand (&)** and select the **Staffs column**.

4. Close the **bracket** to complete the** ARRAY Formula**.

5. Press the **Enter key** to get the result.

**Note**: Here we have used a **hyphen (-)** as a separator you can **use a comma (,), space ( ), or vertical bar (|)** accordingly.

This is how you can use the ARRAY FORMULA to combine two columns into one. Further in this article, you will also read about how to combine multiple cells into one column

**Also Read**: How to Add Multiple Lines in One Cell in Google Sheets

**Method 2: Use ARRAY FORMULA with CONCAT Function**

ARRAY FORMULA with CONCAT functions is one of the other ways in which you can use to combine two columns. The only limitation of this method is that you cannot combine the columns with a separator. However, this method will be useful when the combination of cells does not require a separator. In this case, we will be using the below-mentioned data that contains Department Code and ID No.

Let’s proceed with the steps of this method:

1. Start by applying the **ARRAY FORMULA** by typing** equal to (=) ARRAY **in **cell C2 **where we want the target value.

2. Now, type **CONCAT** to get started with the CONCAT function.

3. To enter **value1**, select the** Department Code column** and add a** comma (,)** to move to the next value.

4. For value2, select **ID No. column** and close the **bracket** to complete the formula.

5. Press **Enter** **key** to get the target value.

This is how to combine two columns in Google Sheets using the ARRAY FORMULA with the CONCAT function. Let’s move on to the next method to merge cells in Google Sheets.

**Method 3: Use FILTER with LEN Function**

The FILTER with the LEN function is used in situations when you need to combine one column with another vertically. One advantage of using this method is it eliminates the blank cells within the range. One such example is what we will be looking at here. The below-given data consists of employee names from Shift 1 and Shift 2. By using the FILTER with the LEN function, we will see how to combine multiple cells into one column.

Listed below are the steps to use FILTER with the LEN function:

1. Start by entering the =**FILTER function** in **Cell C2** where need the target value.

2. Open **curly brackets **and select the** Shift 1 column** and add a **semi-colon (;)**.

3. Select the next column which is the **Shift 2 column** and close the** curly bracket**.

4. Add a **comma (,)** and get started with the **LEN function** by typing LEN.

5. Open a **curly bracket** and select **shift 1 column** again.

6. Add a **semi-colon (;)** and select the **shift 2 column** again.

7. Close the **curly bracket** and the **bracket of the LEN formula** to complete it.

8. **Close the bracket** for the Filter function.

9. Press **Enter key** to see the target values in place.

This is how you can use the FILTER function with the LEN function to vertically combine cells in Google Sheets. Now we have a look at the next method to see how to combine multiple cells into one column.

**Also Read: **How to Freeze Rows and Columns in Excel

**Method 4: Use Curly Brackets and Semi-colon**

Using curly brackets and semi-colon is one of the easiest methods for vertically merging or combing columns into one. This method turns out useful when you do not want to make any changes to the source data. Using curly brackets and semi-colon enables the users to stack up the data as it is. To explain this method the data we will be using is the same one that we used for the above-mentioned method. We just have made some new duplicate entries to see how the formula unfolds. This is the sample data you can see a few duplicate entries.

Follow the below-mentioned steps to see how this method can be used to merge cells in Google Sheets:

1. Start with an **equal to (=)** and then open **curly brackets** in **cell C2** where you want the target value.

2. Select the first column which is the **Shift 1 column** in the data.

3. Add a **semi-colon (;)** and select the second column which is **Shift 2**.

4. Close the **curly bracket**.

5. Press **Enter key **to get the target value.

This is how you use this method to combine cells in Google Sheets. Though it stacks the data as required it also contains blank cells and duplicate details. If this is not a method that will work for you, you can try the next method.

**Method 5: Use UNIQUE Function**

The UNIQUE function is one of the methods that can help you combine columns vertically. This method is extremely useful when you want to remove duplicate and blank cells, unlike the above-mentioned method that stacks all the data as given. Therefore, we will be using the same data sample as used above. Let’s begin with the steps that can be used to perform this method.

1. Start by putting an **equal to (=)** and type the **UNIQUE formula in cell C2 **which is where we want the target value.

2. Open a **curly bracket** and select the first column **Shift 1**.

3. Add a **semi-colon** (;) and select the second column **Shift 2**.

4. Complete the formula by adding a **curly bracket** and **a bracket**.

5. Press the **Enter key** to get the target value.

As you can see, there is just one entry with one name. This method removes the duplicates and blank cells. There is only one blank cell in the target value that separates the values of different columns. Moving on we will be having a look at the how CONCATENATE function can be used to combine data from two columns into one.

**Method 6: Use CONCATENATE Function**

Using CONCATENATE function is another method that can be used as an alternative to the above-mentioned methods. This method slightly functions in a different manner than the rest. As in the rest of the methods we selected the whole column that we wanted to combine whereas with this function you will combine the cells and copy and paste the formula throughout the cell to combine the columns. Another point to be noted while using this method is that you will have to add an additional column if you require a separator. This separator can be a space ( ), comma (,), hyphen (-), vertical bar (|), etc. The data sample that we are going to use contains the **Employee name, Separator, and Incentive**. We will be combining these three columns.

Let’s proceed with the steps to see how this method functions:

1. Put an **equal to (=)** and start by typing **CONCATENATE** in **cell D2** where we want the target value.

2. Select the **first cell** that has to be combined. Here, it is **A2**.

3. Add a **comma (,)** and select the** separator** **cell** if you want to add any.

4. Add **comma (,)** and select the** third cell** that needs to be combined which is **cell C2** in this case.

5. Close the **bracket** to complete the formula.

6. Press **Enter key** to see the target value.

7. Drag the corner of the D2 cell to **copy the formula** throughout the column.

**Note**: If you do not want the separator column in between after combining the values, you can hide the column. If you want to delete the separator column you can cut and paste the Combined Value column. While pasting select the paste value only option. If you do not follow this option you will lose the combined value in case you delete the separator column

These were the methods to combine two or more columns into one vertically and horizontally using the above-mentioned methods.

**Also Read**: 3 Ways to Combine Multiple PowerPoint Presentation Files

**Method 7: Use Ampersand with Separator**

Using an ampersand with a separator is one of the easiest ways to merge cells in Google Sheets and then combine columns if needed. To explain this method, we will be using the set of data that contains the Employee’s Name and Surname. We will use this method to get the full name in the third column.

Mentioned below are the steps to get started with this method:

1. Put an **equal to (=)** in the **C2 cell** where you want the target value.

2. Select the **first cell** that has to be combined which is **A2**, add an **ampersand (&)**, and in quotations **add space ( )** as a separator.

3. Put an **ampersand (&)** again, and select the second cell that has to be combined which is **B2**.

4. Press **Enter key** to get the full name.

5. Apply the** formula through the column** by dragging the corner of **cell C2**.

**Note**: Instead of using space ( ) as a separator you can also use other separators accordingly as mentioned above in the article.

Now we will move to the next method that you might also find helpful for combing columns in Google Sheets.

**Method 8: Use JOIN Function**

Using JOIN functions is also as easy as using the above-mentioned methods. Though the syntax of this formula may sound new to you as it contains terms like **delimiter **which is nothing but the separator. To explain this method we will be using the same data that we used in the above-mentioned method. Let’s proceed with the steps straight away.

1. Put an **equal to (=)** and start typing the **JOIN formula** in the cell where you want the target value.

2. For the delimiter argument, **add space ( )** in quotations and put a **comma (,)** to move to the next argument.

3. Select the **first cell** **A2** that needs to be combined and add a **comma (,)**.

4. Select the **second cell B2** and close the** bracket** to complete the formula.

5. Press the **Enter key** to get the target value.

6. Apply the** formula through the column** by dragging the corner of **cell C2**.

**Recommended**: 6 Ways to Remove Duplicates In Google Sheets

This article was all about the methods that you can use to combine multiple cells and columns into one. Each method caters to different data types and can be used accordingly. We hope that this guide was helpful and you were able to learn **how to combine two columns in Google Sheets**. Let us know which method worked for you best. If you have any queries or suggestions, then feel free to drop them in the comments section below.